Active Learning vs. Passive Learning: What’s the best way to learn?

Active learning is a broad range of teaching strategies in which students engage as active participants in while learning during class time with their instructor.This learning method also includes anything students/learners are doing  with the given course or content to enhance their understanding on the topic and activities that encourage active learning are like online discussions/debates, group projects, concept mapping, problem solving videos and worksheets which encourages the application of knowledge.

Passive learning on the other hand is a method of learning where tutor speaks and students listen to it or like instruction received from the instructor and students internalize it but in this learning method the learner receives no feedback from the instructor/tutor. Passive learning can also be described as students taking part in course elements and solely the taking in of information. Examples of this learning method include reading, listing to a lecture, watching a video, and looking at pictures or PowerPoint’s. Students learn at the level by taking in the information presented or visualizes.

Professor Dr. Balaji Sampath (All India Rank 4 in IIT JEE 1990) from AhaGuru explains the difference between Active and Passive learning and advice's students  to solve any problem without looking the solution first but check after you solved the problem and trace where the problem solving technique went wrong while working on the problem. He also focuses on how these learning methods are useful and effective in subjects like Physics and Math.Watch and learn the difference between those learning methods and how that can be applied in real time or while learning from any online courses.

Benefits and Drawbacks
Active learning method increases critical thinking in students and does provide frequent feedback and gives the student a larger role in their learning environment. While increasing the attention in class/course and do Stimulates for discussions on the learning topic.On the other hand, this method requires more spontaneous and flexible lesson plan to teach and it also limits the amount of material that can be presented and creates the potential for distractions if students are not monitored.

Passive learning method allows lecture notes to be pre-planned and reused and quickly presents a variety of information giving the professor/instructor control over course delivery/lesson plan. This learning method also provides a concrete and organized presentation of the material/subject. But it might appear boring and presents fewer opportunities to assess student’s comprehension as they are more likely to shy away from voicing a misunderstanding. Finally students are less involved in this learning experience.

AhaGuru provides  Online Courses and gain Live Virtual Online classes by top teachers like Dr.Balaji Sampath, D.P Sankaran, and S.Santhanam&Sadagopan Rajesh.This Online course contains Video lectures, printed study materials, revision tests and a personal mentor to track and clear your doubts.These online video lessons are taught at a much deeper level to build a foundation for IIT JEE and NEET.

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Summary: Learning methods can be split into passive methods and active methods. The key difference is that passive methods require sensory input like listening and reading whereas active learning methods require a degree of interaction with instructors.

Posted in Learning on July 15 2019 at 11:20 AM

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